Inspired by this post on 25 things writers should stop doing, and by the impending end of January, when many of you may be tempted to give up on the idea of that New Year’s Resolution, here are ten things that will help you get going with your language learning.
1. Stop procrastinating
It’s the end of January, but it’s not too late to get going and make considerable progress this year. How good would it feel to get to the end of 2012 and be able to say that you kept a New Year’s Resolution?
2. Stop expecting it to magically happen
Even if you live in, say, Germany, and want to learn German, you need to be intentional about your learning, particularly these days when it’s so easy to plug into TV, radio, podcasts and Facebook, all of which happen to be in your home language. Yes, you’ll pick up some words around you, at the supermarket, at the restaurant, or logging into Google Chrome before you figure out how to set it so it automatically comes up in English, but picking up some words is not the same as language learning.
3. Stop thinking you’ll remember things without writing them down
Part of being intentional is writing things down: new words, verb endings, and also explanations of grammar concepts. The very process helps cement it in your mind. Plus, if you keep a pocket-sized vocab book, you can pull it out when you have a spare few minutes and do some quick recapping, which will help you to remember words long-term.
4. Stop thinking your tutor will do the learning for you
One lesson a week is not enough. It’s just the starting point. It’s the learning you do outside of the lesson that will have the greatest effect, with the lessons and your personal work reinforcing each other
Your tutor leads you to the water every week. Whether you drink is up to you.
5. Stop trying to set aside huge chunks of time
Little and often is the key, rather than trying to force your brain to absorb two hours’ worth of intensive Spanish. Build in a habit of ten minutes a few times a week if you’re a beginner (up to twenty if you’re further on), to look over some vocab or do some exercises. If you find yourself wanting to keep going, then do, but stop while you are still enjoying it -you’re more likely to want to come back to it next time that way.
6. Stop being unsystematic
Every little helps, when it comes to language learning: that much is true. But you will progress much faster if you find a system that works for you – a workbook to go through methodically, an app to use for revision once a week, a daily five-minute slot to read through your vocab book.
7. Stop trying to go it alone
Find other learners through meetup.com; find a tutor; get a friend to ask you regularly how it’s going. All those things help.
8. Stop setting unrealistic goals
I’ve seen a few tweets saying things like: “My New Year’s Resolution is to be fluent in Italian.” That’s commendable, but doomed to failure, unless you already have a very good standard of the language. Moving to Italy may go a long way towards this goal, but a period of intensive learning before you go would be necessary, and even then – fluency is usually something that is built up over a long time, unless you are particularly talented.
It’s exciting and energising when you meet a goal you have set yourself: a goal that is challenging but realistic.
9. Stop trying to run before you can walk
To learn a language well, you need to lay good foundations. That means starting with learning how to form sentences, including correct verb endings. It means, when it comes to reading, starting with appropriate level Easy Readers, specially adapted for language learners. It means, to borrow a musical analogy, doing your scales before you try to play a concerto.
10. Stop telling yourself you’re crap
Be positive! Tell yourself you can do it. Of course you’re not very good at first: that’s why beginners are called beginners. They’re beginning. And even as you progress, there will be days when it’s harder work, and stretches of time when you don’t see yourself improving. That’s okay. Everyone has those. How we talk to ourselves really does impact our motivation and therefore our learning. Tell yourself instead that you are determined to do this, that you can do it. You really can!
— for more hints and tips on language learning, buy Conquering Babel: A Practical Guide to Learning a Language here in the US and here in the UK.